The new address in The Hague, Netherlands, is printed on recto. Wilhelm Jacob, Berlin no. The Getty Research Institute, Thinking about this wartime sale, I recalled a recent discovery in the records of the G. Cramer Oude Kunst gallery at the Getty Research Institute, one that sheds light on how exactly artworks exchanged hands from dealers to Nazi officials. In , escaping the Nazi regime, he moved to the Netherlands and reopened his gallery in The Hague. With the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in , German authorities in The Hague advised Cramer to protect himself and his family from deportation by registering the gallery under the name of his son, who, according to Nazi racial laws, was not considered Jewish. During the war years, Cramer was exempted from wearing the yellow star in exchange for facilitating business deals with agents acting on behalf of the Nazis. Lange, Hans Posse, and Heinz Steinmeyer, who are all known for their involvement in art sales for Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi officials.
The cover of this September edition shows a young man wearing traditional garb Carinthian, perhaps? But of real interest to me is the first story inside: I know that, to many people, Austrian history is rather obscure.
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Drive Thru Museum transformed one of the galleries into a closed urban streetscape and expanded on the relationship between photography, sculpture, and architecture to create a unique environment, drawing on the history of Dallas and the Nasher Sculpture Center site. For the past 15 years, Pousttchi has created artworks in a variety of media, including photography, video, and sculpture.
These works examined the constructed nature and tenuousness of memory. For her exhibition at the Nasher, Pousttchi expanded on the relationship between photography, sculpture, and architecture to create a unique environment that drew on the history of the Nasher Sculpture Center site. A photographic pattern reminiscent of expanding scissor gates, used to protect storefronts and automobile repair shops, was applied to the glass facades of the gallery, obscuring views into and out of the space.
Since , she has participated in numerous group and solo exhibitions, including at the Venice Biennale in and , the Kunsthalle Basel in , and the major projects mentioned above.
With the Nazi surrender in , the Allies divided the defeated Germany. The French, British and Americans took the western half of the nation spreading the ideals of democracy, while the Communist Russians occupied the eastern half of Germany. Berlin itself was divided into sectors between the allies, but was completely surrounded by the Soviet-controlled sector of Germany.
A Berlin-based website has decided to slam the brakes on speed-dating by creating in-depth, polished profiles of its users, writes Michael Scaturro.
Colette Valois is a character in Pan Am. She is a survivor of Nazi-occupied France. She is played by actress Karine Vanasse. Season One Edit In the ” Pilot “, she ran into a man she once had an affair with. It turns out that he is married and he is on the flight with his wife and his son. Colette served them and in the end the wife gave Colette her son’s drawing as to “remind her not to sleep with other women’s husbands”.
In the second episode, she helped Dean look for the pub where he danced with Bridget.
Now, a return visitor discovers, it’s a splendid capital busy restoring its past and building its future. Last spring, I was obsessed with cleaning my garage; a week later, I had scheduled a trip to Berlin. As I admired my handiwork, I eyed an old cedar chest along one wall, and I realized I hadn’t looked inside since I hadn’t wanted to.
In , naval hero Stephen Decatur was born in Berlin. His parents, residents of Philadelphia, traveled to Worcester County as British troops occupied their city.
Soviet troops[ edit ] Historians have written about sexual violence committed by the armies of the Western Allies and the Red Army as these forces fought their way into the Third Reich and during the period of occupation. The majority of the assaults were committed in the Soviet occupation zone; estimates of the numbers of German women raped by Soviet soldiers have ranged up to 2 million. Soviet and Polish women were not spared either.
Studies[ edit ] In his analysis of the motives behind the extensive Soviet rapes, Norman Naimark singles out “hate propaganda, personal experiences of suffering at home, and an allegedly fully demeaning picture of German women in the press, not to mention among the soldiers themselves” as a part reason for the widespread rapes. Combining “Russian feelings of inferiority”, the resulting need to restore honor, and their desire for revenge may be the reason many women were raped in public as well as in front of husbands before both were killed.
Beevor exemplifies this with his discovery that Soviet troops also raped Soviet and Polish girls and women that were liberated from Nazi concentration camps as well as those who were held for forced labour at farms and factories. Tretiak said that although he wanted revenge, Stalin’s orders on treating the population humanely were implemented, and discipline in the army strengthened. Tretiak said that in such a huge military group as that in Germany, there was bound to be cases of sexual misconduct, as men had not seen women in years.
However, he explains that sexual relations were not always violent, but often involved mutual consent. The work of Beevor and others alleging mass rape is characterized by Tretiak as “filthy cynicism, because the vast majority of those who have been slandered cannot reply to these liars. He notes that the German Army probably committed tens of thousands of rapes on the Eastern Front, but that murder was the more typical crime for them.
He said that after what the Nazis did to Russia, excesses were likely to take place, but that such cases were strongly suppressed and punished, and were not widespread. He notes that the Soviet military leadership on 19 January signed an executive order calling on the avoidance of a rough relationship with the local population. Gareyev said that Beevor copied Goebbel’s propaganda about the “aggressive sexuality of our soldiers.
Dating back to the 13th Century, most of our generation know is best as a city divided by geopolitical turmoil and war. During the s and subsequent Second World War, the rise and reign of the Third Reich thrust Berlin into the global spotlight. In the 60s, Berlin made headlines again, as a city that represented the divide between East and West.
The functional and metaphorical Berlin Wall ripped the city and families part.
May 01, · But, although the Allies had agreed to share control of Berlin, it would be months before the Americans and British arrived, and life in the city under Russian control would prove to be dangerous.
Tweet The Brandenburg Gate stands among the most important and distinguished attractions in Berlin. Although it’s a ubiquitous image of Germany, few know of its complex significance as both a landmark and a symbol. Built in the borough of Mitte in the heart of Berlin, the Gate represents more than years of prosperity, turmoil, and peace. Throughout the course of this long history, it’s only natural that public opinion about the Gate would change. Initially designed to showcase freedom and triumph, the Brandenburg Gate became intimately entwined with times of intense turbulence.
The Kaiser wanted a worthy architectural structure for the street Unter den Linden, and he sure got it. The overall structure of the Gate really is something to admire.
Nazi Camps The term concentration camp is used very loosely to describe places of incarceration and murder under These camps were usually the last stop before deportations to a killing center. Concentration camps are often inaccurately compared to a prison in modern society. Introduction to the Holocaust concentration camps to detain real and imagined political and ideological opponents. To concentrate and monitor the Jewish population as well as to facilitate later deportation of the Between and , almost , Jews emigrated to
Occupy Berlin was a collaboration in Berlin, Germany that has included peaceful protests and demonstrations against unregulated financial markets and other alleged social on: Berlin, Germany.
Don’t worry — your e-mail address is totally secure. I promise to use it only to send you Clock Collecting Tips. There are so many styles and types of clocks, made by so many clock makers and from so many countries, that I was totally lost. Over many years, I have learned a lot. I have concentrated on the American clock companies for my collection, so there is much for me to learn about clocks from outside the US.
The question I get most from the comment form on this web site is: Some people will see a clock at an antique store that would look good in a certain room of their house, and end up with it that way. However you might end up with your special clock, you probably would like to identify, date and generally learn more about it. This clock forum page may be able to help.
You can post your clock here for other visitors to see. If these visitors have knowledge of your clock, they can post comments about it here. Also, if I know anything about your clock, I will also post a comment for you. There are many ways to identify and date an antique clock. Entire books have been written on the subject.
Contact Us To trace the history of cross stitch, we must look back to the very beginnings of embroidery, since it is only relatively recently that cross stitch has been used as the sole stitch in a piece. Ancient wall paintings and sculptures show that embroidery was worked on clothing from the earliest times. An ancient Peruvian running-stitch sampler has been dated to — AD The word Embroidery comes from the Anglo-Saxon word for “edge”, but the technique itself was being used long before that.
My best friend who lives in Berlin was single for a long time and decided to register on the dating website Elite. She met a really nice guy right away. The wedding is in June.
Detail from East Frieze: Athena seizes a young Giant by the hair. Detail from North Frieze: The altar is adorned with a foot long marble frieze which depicts the Gigantomachy from Greek mythology. Like the Parthenon in Athens – another icon of classical antiquity – the Zeus Altar was constructed on a terrace of the acropolis overlooking the ancient city of Pergamon, situated on the west coast of Anatolia now Turkey in Asia Minor. However, unlike the Parthenon, it was not a temple but merely an altar, possibly connected to the Doric Temple of Athena which had been built years earlier and which stood above the altar on a separate terrace.
Furthermore, unlike the Parthenon’s High Classical Greek sculpture BCE , whose statues and reliefs were always calm and serene and never expressed any particular emotion, Greek Hellenistic art BCE was less about harmony and serenity, and more about achieving excitement, wild movement and strong feeling. This new approach to the art of sculpture is exemplified in the Pergamon Altar, whose 9-foot high frieze is alive with huge figures of gods and giants locked in mortal combat.
Topping out of Hoxton Press The construction of two residential towers in Hackney, east London, has reached a significant milestone with the topping out of the second, storey tower. The lower, storey tower topped out in October with a ceremony attended by the Mayor of Hackney. The project, won as the result of a competition held in , was designed in collaboration with Karakusevic Carson Architects and is due to be completed in summer
Occupied TV-MA 2 Seasons In the near future, Russia initiates a “silk glove” invasion of Norway to restart oil production, but soon uncertainty, chaos and danger erupt.
Travel What is the Brandenburg Gate? The Brandenburg Gate is a neoclassical famous landmark in Berlin, located on the western edge of the city. The gate is made up of twelve Doric columns, a style dating back to ancient Greece and Rome. There are six Doric columns on each side, which form five passageways. At the top of the gate is another Roman inspiration, a statue of a Quadriga that faces east. A Quadriga is a chariot drawn by four horses.
Japanese women in Manchuria found life difficult after Soviet troops entered Manchuria near the end of the war. Many of those women were used as “dolls” — sexual objects. There are many accounts of several Japanese women who were raped or almost raped. In one account, a young girl threw herself out a three-story window to avoid being raped by Soviet troops.
Raid on Berlin In when the main Prussian armies were occupied in Silesia a small Russian force of about 5, men tried to take the city. They were rebuffed by some cavalry and both sides rushed reinforcements to the city.
SHARE After having lived for almost a year in a new condo complex, one of your friendly neighbors has captured your interest. You have established a superficial friendship involving a regular exchange of pleasantries, including elevator conversations on everything from the weather, to the success of your local baseball team , to the new key card policy in the parking garage. Finally, you decide to take the plunge and ask her to join you for afternoon coffee.
Research indicates that the words she uses to respond will reveal whether your interest is reciprocated. So, what does she say? Acquaintances Reject With Respect Research shows that messages of romantic rejection, especially when delivered in person, are often carefully crafted, and can be interpreted accordingly. They found that, generally, people rejecting a date due to disinterest withheld the expression of personal reasons in favor of impersonal reasons.
They found that people who did not want future interaction clearly expressed their refusal, but also included mitigating statements, such as apologies, expressions of appreciation, and concern for the requestor’s feelings, in order to address face needs. Research also shows that responses are different when a date request is general or specific. I Have Two Tickets to the Opera on Saturday Night Before making a specific date request, remember that most people do not have social calendars that are wide open.
Most of us juggle lives filed with family obligations, work schedules, and pre-existing social commitments. This means that someone who is receptive to your suggestion of becoming better acquainted might refuse a specific date request, but express a willingness to coordinate an alternative date and time that works. Sure enough, Benson et al.